An impact driver is a mechanical tool that employs an enormous amount of torque to loosen or tighten heavy screws, bolts or nuts that require some leverage. It is an advanced tool when compared to the traditional screw driver and even the electric screwdriver. It works on the principle of impact, but its main feature is that it eases up the pressure exerted by the operator. The outer sleeve can be struck with a hammer, so that the downward force translates into a turning force within the inner core, so as to work the bits attached to the socket. Therefore, it is not only easier for the operator but also much faster.
An impact drill uses an impact mechanism for efficient drilling of concrete or masonry. The mechanism consists of a cam arrangement and a spring loader chuck that is movable. There are two cammed discs of which one is attached to the actuator switch and the other is connected to a chuck shaft. When the impact or hammer action starts, the discs are come together, and while the chuck is rotating, the cammed surface pushes it forward and backward opposing the spring pressure. Thus, the hammer action is translated. The drill bits comprise tungsten carbide tips, and the drill can be used on hard aggregate surfaces like brickwork and cement. It is available in several power ratings and works on power, as well as rechargeable batteries. The tips works like a chisel and chip away the material instead of cutting as in a conventional bit. The chips and the dust are moved away from the hole by a spiral drill shaft. With ratings from 250 watts to as high as 2,000 watts, these tools can drill over one-inch diameter. Rechargeable cordless models are handy and several models come with multi-speed settings to control the drill, mainly when beginning the drilling process. It is important to use eye protection asthis tool can generate huge quantities of tiny chips and dust particles.
The impact wrench also uses a hammering action that generates torque. It is a handy tool used to unscrew bolts that might have rusted and become almost immobile. It is positioned over the bolt and the other end is hit with a mallet or hammer. The perpendicular motion of the mallet is converted via a spring-and-prawl system into a sudden rotating motion at the bolt’s head. Bolts that otherwise need a lot of force can be removed without much effort. It is either manually operated or powered by electricity. A pneumatic wrench is works from power generated by an air compressor. A cordless impact wrench has an added advantage of portability with several sockets that fit into various nut sizes. It comes in models that can be plugged into the car.
These handy handtools can be used without making pilot holes and straining with too much pushing. Further, the great quantity of torque packed into the small body works efficiently in driving long screws using the unique impact action.
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